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Human Development & Social Justice

The Human Development and Social Justice collection includes empirical research at the intersection of developmental science and social justice.  Projects draw on developmental theory and research methods within the context of contemporary ethics frameworks, to examine factors that promote equity and positive development among under-researched populations across the lifespan. Areas of study include: social determinants of sexual and mental health, developmental risks and benefits of social media engagement, developmental consequences of discrimination and mistrust, health disparities among racial/ethnic and LGBTQ populations, consent to pediatric research and treatment, research and healthcare decision making among adults with cognitive impairments, vaccine hesitancy, and biopsychosocial impact of COVID.
This collection includes research from Fordham University's Center For Ethics Education, the Human Development and Social Justice Lab, and HIV and Drug Abuse Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute faculty and fellows, directed by Celia Fisher, PhD.

Arbeit, M. R., Fisher, C. B. Macapagal, K. & Mustanski, M. (2016) Bisexual invisibility and the sexual health needs of adolescent girls. LGBT Health, 3(5): 342-349. PMID: 27604053. PMC5073214.  Keywords: HIV prevention, STI prevention; adolescent health, bisexuality, healthcare, sexual health

Bragard, E., & Fisher, C. B. (2022). Associations between sexting motivations and consequences among adolescent girls. Journal of Adolescence. Keywords: coercion, peer pressure, sexual subjectivity, avoidance motivation theory

Bragard, E. Fisher, C. B. & Curtis, B. L. (2019). They know what they are getting into:” Researchers confront the benefits and challenge of online recruitment for HIV research. Ethics & Behavior. PMID: 33041608 PMCID: PMC7539627. https://doi: 10.1080/10508422.2019.1692663.  Keywords: HIV, online recruitment, social media, ethics internet research, privacy

Bragard, E., Giorgi, S., Juneau, P., & Curtis, B. L. (2021). Loneliness and Daily Alcohol Consumption During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Alcohol and Alcoholism. Keywords: Ethanol, adult. alcohol drinking, loneliness, coronavirus pandemic

Bragard, E., Macapagal, K., Mustanski, B., & Fisher, C. B. (2020). Association of CAI vulnerability and sexual minority victimization distress among adolescent men who have sex with men. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity.  Keywords: HIV risk, AMSM, condomless sex, sexual minority, vulnerability, victimization

Broaddus, M., Marsch, L. A., & Fisher, C. B. (2015). Risks and benefits of text-message-delivered and small-group-delivered  sexual health interventions among African American women in the Midwestern United States.  Ethics&Behavior, 25 (2). PMCID: PMC4349332. NIHMSID: NIHMS625641. Keywords: Sexual health interventions, HIV/STIs, text messaging, mHealth, risk/benefit assessment


Brown, B., Davtyan, M., & Fisher, C. B. (2015). Peruvian female sex workers’ ethical perspectives on their participation in an HPV vaccine clinical trial. Ethics & Behavior, 25(2). PMCID: PMC5079211. NIHMSID: NIHMS816146. Keywords: Ethics, vaccine trails, female sex workers, informed consent, confidentiality, risks and benefits

Bruzzese, J. M., & Fisher, C. B. (2003). Assessing and enhancing the research consent capacity of children and youth. Applied Developmental Science, 7, 13–26.  Keywords: informed consent, research risks and benefits, participation, privacy and confidentiality, The Research Participants' Bill of Rights, research rights.

Cea, C., & Fisher, C. B. (2003). Health care decision-making by adults with mental retardation. Mental Retardation, 41, 78– 87. PMID: 12622524.<0078:HCDMBA>2.0.CO;2.  Keywords: Adult, aged, decision making, female, health behavior, humans, informed consent, psychology, intellectual disability, male, mental competency, middle aged, patient acceptance of healthcare

Chen, D. Matson, M.; Macapagal, K; Johnson, E K., Rosoklija, I., Finlayson, C., Fisher, C. B. & Mustanski, B. (2018 online). Attitudes Toward Fertility and Reproductive Health among Transgender and Gender-nonconforming Adolescents. Journal Adolescent Health. PMID: 29503031PMCID: PMC6067953.  Keywords: Transgender, gender-nonconforming, adolescents, fertility, family formation, family building, reproductive health  

Fisher, C. B., Bragard, E., Jaber, R., & Gray, A. (2022). COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy among Parents of Children under Five Years in the United States. Vaccines, 10(8), 1313. COVID-19; vaccine hesitancy; young children; parents; health disparities; social determinants

Fisher, C. B., Gray, A., & Sheck, I. (2022). COVID-19 Pediatric Vaccine Hesitancy among Racially Diverse Parents in the United States. Vaccines, 10(1), 31. Keywords: COVID-19, pediatric vaccine hesitancy, racial diversity, children, parents, health disparities

Fisher, C. B., Tao, X., Liu, T., Giorgi, S., & Curtis, B. L. (2021). COVID-Related Victimization, Racial Bias and Employment and Housing Disruption Increase Mental Health Risk Among US Asian, Black and Latinx Adults. Frontiers in Public Health, 1625.  doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.772236. Keywords: COVID-19, mental health, victimization distress, racial bias, discrimination, housing, employment

Fisher, C. B., Tao, X., & Yip, T. (2022). The effects of COVID-19 victimization distress and racial bias on mental health among AIAN, Asian, Black, and Latinx young adults. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. Advance online publication. Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic, racial/ethnic minorities, racial discrimination, depression, anxiety, mental health, young adults of color 

Fisher, C. B. (2019). Providing puberty suppression treatment for transgender youth: What constitutes competence? American Journal of Bioethics, 19(7):68-. PMID: 31237500 PMCID: PMC67464166. https://doi:10.1080/15265161.2019.1618949. Keywords: Adolescent, child, gender dysphoria, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, humans, sexual maturation, transgender persons


Fisher, C. B. & Mustanski, B. (2014). Reducing health disparities and enhancing the responsible conduct of research involving LGBT youth. Hastings Center Report, 5, 28-31.  PMID 25231783. PMCID: PMC4617525.  Keywords:  Bioethical issues, bioethics, biomedical research ethics, biomedical research legislation and jurisprudence, biomedical research standards, confidentiality, gender identity, health status disparities, human rights, humans, legal guardians, medicalization ethics, sexual and gender minorities

Fisher, C. B.  (2013). Confidentiality and disclosure in non-intervention adolescent risk research, Applied Developmental Science. 17(2), 88-93.   Keywords: privacy, research responsibilities, vulnerable youth, autonomy, welfare, duty-to-protect, risk-disclosure procedures

Fisher, C. B. Brunquell, D. J., Hughes, D. L., Liben, L. S., Maholmes, V., Plattner, S., Russell, S. T. & Sussman, E. J.  (2013).  Preserving and enhancing the responsible conduct of research involving children and youth: a response to proposed changes in federal regulations. Social Policy Report, 27(1), 1, 3-15. Keywords: Behavioral science research, research design, ethics, federal regulation, change, informed consent, adolescents, children, youth, participation, researchers, personal autonomy, child development, risk, research administration, health, sexuality.   

Fisher, C. B.  & Lerner, R. M. (2013). Promoting Positive development and social justice introduction to a new ongoing section of Applied Developmental Science. Applied Developmental Science, 17(2), 57-59. Keywords: ADS, marginalized communities, systemic disparities and oppression, structural injustice, social inequities, fair access to resources.

Fisher, C. B., Busch-Rossnagel, N.B., Jopp, D.S., & Brown, J.L. (2012).  Applied developmental science, social justice and socio-political well-being.  Applied Developmental Science, 16(1), 54-64. Keywords: Social Justice, racial discrimination, social sciences,  child development, well being, citizen participation, intervention.

Fisher, C. B., Fried, A. F., & Feldman, L. (2009). Graduate socialization in the responsible conduct of research: A national survey on the research ethics training experiences of psychology doctoral students. Ethics & Behavior, 19, 496–518. PMCID: PMC3639435.  NIHMSID: NIHMS298915.  Keywords: ethics, research, responsible conduct of research, mentoring, department climate, graduate education, psychology 

Fisher, C. B., Fried, A. L., & Anushko, A. (2007). Development and validation of the College Drinking Influences Survey. Journal of American College Health, 56, 217–230. PMID: 18089502. PMCID: PMC2536610.  Keywords: alcohol, assessment, college health

Fisher, C. B., Cea, C. D., Davidson, P. W., & Fried, A. L. (2006). Capacity of persons with mental retardation to consent to participation in randomized clinical trials. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 1813–1820. PMID: 17012694. DOI: 10.1176/ajp.2006.163.10.1813.  Keywords: Adult, aged, choice behavior, comprehension ethics, female, humans, informed consent, mental competency, middle aged, patient participation, patient rights, patient selection persons with mental disabilities, randomized controlled trials, surveys and questionnaires


Fisher, C. B. (2006). Privacy and ethics in pediatric environmental health research—Part I: Genetic and prenatal testing. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114, 1617–1621. PMID: 17035153. PMCID: PMC1626406. Keywords: Child, child welfare, environmental health, ethics, research, female, genetic testing, humans, mothers, pregnancy, prenatal diagnosis, privacy

Fisher, C. B. (2006). Privacy and ethics in pediatric environmental health research—Part II: Protecting families and communities. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114, 1622–1625. PMID: 17035154. PMCID: PMC1626422. Keywords: Child, child welfare, environmental health, ethics, research, female, genetic testing, humans, mothers, pregnancy, prenatal diagnosis, privacy

Fisher, C. B. (2005). SES, ethnicity and goodness-of-fit in clinician-parent communication during pediatric cancer trials. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 30, 231–234. PMID: 15784919.  Keywords: Adult, child, clinical trails as topic, communication, ethnic groups, humans, informed consent, neoplasms, professional family relations


Fisher, C. B. (2004). Informed consent and clinical research involving children and adolescents: Implications of the revised APA ethics code and HIPAA. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33, 832–839. PMID: 15498750. Keywords: Adolescent, biomedical research, child, child advocacy, Codes of Ethics, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, humans, informed consent, ethics, privacy, legislation & jurisprudence, psychology, clinical, legislation & jurisprudence, societies, medical.

Fisher, C. B. (2003). A goodness-of-fit ethic for informed consent to research involving persons with mental retardation and developmental disabilities. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 9, 27–31. PMID: 12587135.  Keywords: Adult, child, communication, developmental disabilities, humans, informed consent, ethics, intellectual disability, interpersonal relations, mental competency, patient selection, research, vulnerable populations

Fisher, C. B. (2003). Adolescent and parent perspectives on ethical issues in youth drug use and suicide survey research. Ethics & Behavior, 13(4), 303–332. PMID: 15000093. Keywords: Ethics, ethnic minority, survey research adolescence, drug abuse, suicide, risk benefit, consent, incentives, confidentiality

Fisher, C. B. (2003). A goodness-of-fit ethic for child assent to nonbeneficial research. American Journal of Bioethics, 3, 27–28. PMID: 14744320. Keywords: Adolescent, age factors, altruism, beneficence, child development, child, ethics, humans, informed consent, mental competency, non-therapeutic human experimentation, refusal to participate, researcher-subject relations

Fisher, C. B., & Fried, A. L. (2003). Internet-mediated psychological services and the APA ethics code. Psychotherapy: Theory/Research/Practice/Training, 40, 103–11. Keywords: research ethics, American Psychological Association, Internet-mediated psychological services, competence, conflicts of interest, informed consent, privacy and confidentiality, public statements and advertising, test selection and scoring, tele-health


Fisher, C. B., Pearson, J. L., Kim, S., & Reynolds, C. F. (2002). Ethical issues in including suicidal individuals in clinical research. IRB: Ethics & Human Research, 24, 9–14. PMID: 12737170. Keywords: suicide, research, ethics, internet


Fisher, C. B., Hoagwood, K., Boyce, C., Duster, T., Frank, D. A., Grisso, T., Macklin, R., Levine, R. J., Spencer, M. B., Takanishi, R., Trimble, J. E., Zayas, L. H. (2002). Research ethics for mental health science involving ethnic minority children and youth. American Psychologist, 57(12), 1024–1040. PMID: 12613155.  Republished in Kazdin, A. E. (Ed.) 2016). Methodological issues and strategies in clinical research, 4th ed. Washington, DC: APA Press. PMID: 12613155. https:// doi:10.1037/0003-066x.57.12.1024.  Keywords: research ethics; ethnic minority; children; youth; mental health treatment; ethical decision making; mental health research. 

Fisher, C. B., Wallace, S. A., & Fenton, R. E. (2000). Discrimination distress during adolescence. Journal of youth and adolescence, 29(6), 679-695.  Keywords: Ethnic group, 12th grader, ethnic background, educational context, adolescent development.

Fisher, C. B., & Wallace, S. A. (2000). Through the community looking glass: Reevaluating the ethical and policy implications of research on adolescent risk and psychopathology. Ethics & Behavior, 10(2), 99-118. Keywords:  Teenagers, adolescent risk behaviors, ethnic background, genetic research on youth problems 

Fried, A.L. & Fisher, C.B. (2016).  Moral stress and job burnout among frontline staff conducting clinical research on affective and anxiety disorders. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 47, 171-180.PMID: 28484305 PMCID: PMC5419685. Keywords: Clinical research, job burnout, moral stress, research ethic

Fisher, C. B., Bragard, E. & Bloom, R. (2020). Ethical considerations in HIV eHealth intervention research: Implications for informational risk on recruitment, data maintenance, and consent procedures. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2020 May 2. PMID: 32358768 PMCID: PMC726331. https://doi:10.1007/s11904-020-00489-z. Keywords: mobile research, informed consent, privacy and confidentiality, research ethics, online recruitment, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment

Fisher CB, Tao X, Liu T, Giorgi S and Curtis B (2021) COVID-Related Victimization, Racial Bias and Employment and Housing Disruption Increase Mental Health Risk Among U.S. Asian, Black and Latinx Adults. Front. Public Health 9:772236. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.772236
Keywords: COVID-19, Mental Health, Victimization Distress, Racial Bias, Discrimination, Housing, Employment
Fisher, C. B., Tao, X., & Yip, T. (2022). The effects of COVID-19 victimization distress and racial bias on mental health among AIAN, Asian, Black, and Latinx young adultsCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology.

Gray, A., & Fisher, C. B. (2021). Predictors of contraceptive self-efficacy and condom use among young Black women who have sex with women and men. Journal of Bisexuality.  Keywords: Black women, bisexual, WSWM, contraceptive, self-efficacy, condom use

Gray, A. & Fisher, C. B. (2022). Determinants of COVID-19 vaccine uptake in adolescents 12 – 17 years old: Examining pediatric vaccine hesitancy among racially diverse parents in the United States. Frontiers in Public Health: Children and Health

Gray, A., Macapagal, K., Mustanski, B., & Fisher, C. B. (2020). Surveillance studies involving HIV testing are needed: Will at-risk youth participate? Health Psychology, 39(1), 21–28.  Keywords: Adolescent, female, HIV infections, homosexuality, male, mass screening methods. population surveillance methods, sexual and gender minorities

Greenhill, L. L., Jensen, P., Abikoff, H., Blumer, J. M., DeVaugh-Geiss, J., Fisher, C. B., Hoagwood, K., Kratochvil, C. J., Lahey, B., Laughren, T., Leckman, J., Petti, T., Pope, K., Shaffer, D., Vitiello, B., & Zeanah, C. (2003). Developing strategies for psychopharmacological studies in preschool children. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 406–414. PMID: 12649627. Keywords: Pre-school children, clinical trials, ethics, diagnosis.

Layman, D. M., & Fisher, C. B. (2022). Profiles of Psychological Strengths on Symptom Distress, Recovery, and Quality of Life Among Young Adults with a History of Adolescent Psychiatric Hospitalization. Community mental health journal, 10.1007/s10597-022-00936-8. Advance online publication. Keywords: well-being, self-stigma, self-determination, identity commitment, person-centered, mental health

Lerner, R. L., & Fisher, C. B. (2013).  Evolution, epigenetics, and application in developmental science. Applied Developmental Science, 17, 169-173. Keywords: evolutionary biology, human phylogeny and ontogeny, human health and welfare, human development

Macapagal, K., Bettin, E., Matson, M., Kraus, A., Fisher, C. B. & Mustanski, B. (2019) Measuring discomfort in health research relative to everyday events and routine care: An application to sexual and gender minority youth. Journal Adolescent Health, 63, 1 – 8.  PMID: 30612810 PMCID: PMC6478526. Keywords: Adolescent sexual behavior, adolescent sexual health, research ethics.

Macapagal, K., Moskowitz, D., Li, D. H., Carrion, A., Bettin, E., Fisher, C. B. & Mustanski, B. (2018). Hookup app use, sexual behavior, and sexual health among adolescent men who have sex with men in the United States. Journal Adolescent Health, 62, 708-715.  PMCID: PMC5967650 NIHMSID: NIHMS934912 PMID: 29784114.  Keywords: Adolescent sexual behavior, men who have sex with men, geo-social networking applications, social media, HIV/ADIS  

Macapagal, K., Coventry, R., Arbeit, M. R., Fisher, C. B., & Mustanski, B. (2017). “I won’t out myself just to do a survey”: Sexual and gender minority adolescents’ perspectives on the risks and benefits of sex research. Archives of sexual behavior, 46(5), 1393-1409.  Keywords: Sexual behavior, sexual orientation, adolescence, research ethics, parental consent

Mahadevan, M., & Fisher, C. B. (2010). Factors influencing the nutritional health and food choices of African American HIV-positive marginally housed and homeless female substance abusers. Applied Developmental Science, 14 (2), 72-88. Keywords: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), food service, qualitative research, intervention, homeless people, females, economically disadvantaged, nutrition, public health, drug abuse, minority groups, eating habits, interviews, risk, misconceptions, neighborhoods, substance abuse, health behavior

Masty, J., & Fisher, C. B. (2008). A goodness of fit approach to parent permission and child assent pediatric intervention research. Ethics & Behavior, 13, 139–160. Keywords: informed consent, assent, goodness of fit, pediatric intervention research, pediatric oncology. Keywords: informed consent, assent, goodness of fit, pediatric intervention research, pediatric oncology

Nelson, K. M., Carey, M.P. & Fisher, C. B. (2018). Is guardian permission a barrier to online sexual health research among adolescent males interested in sex with males. The Journal of Sex Research. PMID: 29952665. PMCID: PMC6310663. Keywords: Adolescent, MSM, sexual health, guardian permission, HIV

Oransky, M., & Fisher, C. B. (2009). The development and validation of the Meanings of Adolescent Masculinity Scale. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 10, 57–72. Keywords: masculinity, adolescence, assessment, gender roles, male role


Tao, X., Bragard, E. & Fisher, C.B. (2021). Risks and Benefits of Adolescent Girls’ Participation in Online Sexting Survey Research. Arch Sex Behav. Keywords: Adolescent girls, sexting, sexual behavior, ethics, minimal risk

Tao, X., Fisher, C.B. Exposure to Social Media Racial Discrimination and Mental Health among Adolescents of Color. J Youth Adolescence (2021).  Keywords:  Adolescent, racial discrimination, social media, COVID-19, racial justice, mental health

Wallace, S. A., & Fisher, C. B. (2007). Substance use attitudes among urban black adolescents: The role of parent, peer, and cultural factors. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 36, 441–451. H. Keywords: Substance use prevention, adolescence, ethnic minority youth

Yip, T., Feng, Y., Fowle, J., & Fisher, C. B. (2021). Sleep disparities during the COVID-19 pandemic: An investigation of AIAN, Asian, Black, Latinx, and White young adults. Sleep Health, 7(4), 459-467.  Keywords: Ethnicity, race, disparities, sleep duration and quality, coronavirus

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