HIV/AIDS & Drug Abuse Research Ethics 

The HIV/AIDS and Ethics Research collection includes empirical articles in the following areas: vulnerable populations; people who use drugs (PWUD); LGBTQ; MSM; transgender youth and adults; racial/ethnic groups; institutional review boards (IRB); community-engaged research (CEnR); research and medical trust and mistrust; prevention and treatment; therapeutic misconception; informed consent; stigma; compensation; incentives; research risks and benefits; recruitment; confidentiality; privacy; mHealth and social media; sex workers; people who inject drugs (PWID); sexual and gender minority; harm reduction.  

This collection includes research from Fordham University's Center For Ethics Education, the Human Development and Social Justice Lab, and HIV and Drug Abuse Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute faculty and fellows, directed by Celia Fisher,PhD.

For additional articles by Institute faculty and fellows, visit the Selected Bibliography on Ethical Issues in HIV and Drug Abuse Research.

 

 

 

Abadie, R., Brown, B., & Fisher, C. B. (2019). "Money Helps": People who inject drugs and their perceptions of
financial compensation and its ethical implications.
Ethics & Behavior, 29(8), 607–620.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6774386/. 
Keywords:  financial compensation; coercion; trust; reciprocity; PWID; Puerto Rico


Abadie, R., Fisher, C. B., & Dombrowski, K. (2021). “He’s under oath”: Privacy and Confidentiality views among people who inject drugs enrolled in a study of social networks and Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Hepatitis C Virus risk. Journal of empirical research on Human Research Ethics, 1 – 8. sagepub.com/journals-permissions.  DOI: 10.1177/15562646211004411. Keywords: PWID, ethics, anonymity, community-based research, institutional review board (IRB)
Abadie, R., Goldenberg, S., Welch-Lazoritz, M., & Fisher, C. B. (2018). Establishing trust in HIV/HCV research among people who inject drugs (PWID): Insights from empirical research. PLoS One, 13(12). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6281254/#sec005title
keywords: trust/mistrust, community health research, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, motivation, recruitment, Puerto Rico
Antebi-Gruszka N, Talan AJ, Reisner SL, & Rendina, H.J. (2020). Sociodemographic and behavioural factors associated with testing for HIV and STIs in a US nationwide Sample of transgender men who have sex with men. Sexually Transmitted Infections. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7653680/
keywords: MSM, TMSM, LGBTQ, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, sexually transmitted infections
Balvanz, P., Yamanis, T. J., Mulawa, M. I., Mwikoko, G., Kajuna, D., Kilonzo, M. N., Kajula, L. J., Leatherman, S., & Maman, S. (2019). Microfinance and health interventions: Factors influencing loan repayment success with young men in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Global public health, 14(2), 254–270. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380952/
keywords: poverty, microcredit, health leadership intervention
Basta, T. B., Stambaugh, T., & Fisher, C. B. (2015). Efficacy of an Educational Intervention to Increase Consent for HIV Testing in Rural Appalachia. Ethics & Behavior, 25(2): 129-145. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5079178/. keywords: informed consent, HIV testing, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, confidentiality, stigma, home testing
Bonar, E.E., Koocher, G.P., Benoit, M.F., Collins, R.L., Cranford, J.A., & Walton, M.A. (2017). Perceived Risks and Benefits in a Text Message Study of Substance Abuse and Sexual Behavior. Ethics and Behavior, 28(3): 218-234. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5889070/. keywords: mHealth, text messaging, participation, emerging adults, vulnerable populations, research ethics
 
Bragard, E., Fisher, C.B., & Curtis, B. (2019). “They know what they are getting into:” Researchers confront the benefits and challenges of online recruitment for HIV research. Ethics & Behavior. 1-15. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7539627/. Keywords: sampling, data integrity, privacy, researcher responsibility, social media, Internet research ethics
Bragard, E. Macapagal, K., Mustanski, B. & Fisher, C. B. (2020). Association of CAI Vulnerability and Sexual Minority Victimization Distress Among Adolescent Men Who Have Sex With Men.  Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity. https://doi.org/10.1037/sgd0000436. Keywords: AMSM, LGBTQ youth, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, condomless anal intercourse (CAI), SMV
Broaddus, M. R., & Marsch, L. A. (2015). Risks and benefits of text message-delivered and small group-delivered sexual health interventions among African American women in the Midwestern U.S. Ethics & Behavior, 25(2), 146–168. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4349332/. Keywords: research risks and benefits, institutional review boards (IRB), privacy, stigma of participation, informed consent, mHealth, HIV/STIs, text messaging
 
Brown, B., Davtyan, M., & Fisher, C.B. (2015). Peruvian female sex workers’ ethical perspectives on their participation in an HPV vaccine clinical trial. Ethics & Behavior, 25(2): 115-128. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5079211/. Keywords: ethics, privacy and confidentiality, trust/mistrust, informed consent, research risks and benefits, Peru
Brown, B., Taylor, J. & Fisher, C.B. (2021). Mitigating Isolation of People Aging With HIV during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Public Health Reports. Volume 136, 394 - 396. https://doi.org/10.1177/00333549211015661. Keywords: People living with HIV (PLWH), vulnerable populations, virtual villages, mHealth
Carlberg-Racich S. (2020). "Normally I Try and Capture a Moment, and With This I Had to Create a Moment": Implications of Anonymous Photography Protocols in Photovoice Research with People Who Inject Drugs. Journal of empirical research on human research ethics: JERHRE, 1556264620983139. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1177/1556264620983139. Keywords: PWID, addiction and substance abuse, people who use drugs (PWUD), human subjects’ protections, privacy, self-determination theory, research protections
 
Chiu, C. J., Menacho, L., Fisher, C., & Young, S. D. (2015). Ethics Issues in Social Media–Based HIV Prevention in Low-and Middle-Income Countries. Cambridge Quarterly Healthcare Ethics, 24(3) 303-310. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377792/. Keywords: e-health education programs, men who have sex with men (MSM), Harnessing Online Peer Education (HOPE) program, Peru, ethics, recruitment, consent, social networking technologies, HIV/AIDS
 
Chiu, C. J., Menacho, L., & Young, S. D. (2016). The Association Between Age and Ethics-Related Issues in Using Social Media for HIV Prevention in Peru. Ethics & Behavior, 26(2), 99-109. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4809434/, Keywords: Harnessing Online Peer Education (HOPE), men who have sex with men (MSM), HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, recruitment, informed consent, Peru
 
Curtis, B.L. (2014). Social networking and online recruiting for HIV research: ethical challenges. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 9(1), 58-70. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4316828/. Keywords: ethics, Internet research, online recruitment, social media, privacy and confidentiality, informed consent
 
Dangerfield Ii, D. T., Wylie, C., & Anderson, J. N. (2021). Conducting Virtual, Synchronous Focus Groups Among Black Sexual Minority Men: Qualitative Study. JMIR public health and surveillance, 7(2), e22980. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7899800/Keywords: HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, Black sexual minority men (BSMM), racial/ethnic minorities, research ethics, LGBTQ, engagement, recruitment, sexual health, telehealth
Fisher, C.B. (2015). Enhancing the responsible conduct of sexual health prevention research across global and local contexts: Training for evidence-based research ethics.  Ethics &Behavior, 25 (2). https://doi.org/10.1080/10508422.2014.948956 HIV. Keywords: ethics, responsible conduct of research, sexual health, prevention, training, international
Fisher, C. B. (2014). HIV prevention research ethics: an introduction to the special issue. Journal of Empirical Research On Human Research Ethics, 9(1), 1-5. DOI: 10.1525/jer.2014.9.1.1.  PMCID: 24572078. https://doi.org/10.1525/jer.2014.9.1.1. Keywords: substance abuse, ethics training, sex workers, international research, community-based research, institutional review boards (IRB), HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment

Fisher, C. B. (2011).  Addiction research ethics and the Belmont principles: do drug users have a different moral voice?  Substance Use and Misuse. 46(6), 728-741. PMID: 21073412; PMCID: PMC3638744. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2010.528125. Keywords: ethics, moral principles, people who use drugs (PWUD), New York City, respect, beneficence, justice

 

Fisher, C. B.  (2010). Enhancing HIV vaccine trial consent preparedness among street drug users. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 5, 65-80.  PMID: 20569151, PMCID: PMC3133928. https://doi.org/10.1525/jer.2010.5.2.65 Keywords: intravenous drug use, people who use drugs (PWUD), HIV risk, informed consent, trust/mistrust, ethics, addiction and substance abuse

Fisher, C. B. (2004). Ethics in drug abuse and related HIV risk research. Applied Developmental Science, 8(2), 91-103. https://doi.org/10.1207/s1532480xads0802_3.  Keywords:  Drug abuse, HIV risk, ethical challenges, education, health condtiions, gender and ethnic minority, informed consent, confidentiality

Fisher, C. B., Arbeit, M. Dumont, M., Macapagal, & Mustanski, B. (2016). Self-consent for HIV prevention research involving sexual and gender minority youth: Reducing barriers through evidence-based ethics. Journal of Research on Human Research Ethics. 11, 3-14. first published online 3.7.16. PMID 26956988. PMCID PMC4842126.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1556264616633963. Keywords: informed consent, vulnerable populations, consent by minors, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, sexual and gender minority youth (SGMY)
Fisher, C. B., Bragard, E. & Bloom, R. (2020). Ethical considerations in HIV eHealth intervention research: Implications for informational risk on recruitment, data maintenance, and consent procedures. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2020 May 2. PMID: 32358768 PMCID: PMC726331. https://doi:10.1007/s11904-020-00489-z. keywords: mobile research, informed consent, privacy and confidentiality, research ethics, online recruitment, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment
Fisher, C.B., Fried, A. L., Desmond, M., Macapagal, K., & Mustanski, B. (2018). Perceived barriers to HIV prevention services for transgender youth. LGBT Health. Aug/Sep;5(6):350-358. PMCID: PMC6139078. NIHMSID: NIHMS953073. PMID: 29546468. https://doi.org/10.1089/lgbt.2017.0098. Keywords: adolescents, health disparities, HIV/AIDS, prevention, stigma, transgender.
Fisher, C. B., Fried, A. L., Desmond, M., Macapagal, K., & Mustanski, B. (2017). Facilitators and Barriers to Participation in PrEP HIV Prevention Trials Involving Adolescent and Emerging Adult Transgender Men and Women. AIDS Education and Prevention, 29(3), 205-217. PMC5768197 PMID 28650227.  https://doi.org/10.1521/aeap.2017.29.3.205. Keywords: HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, transgender youth and adults, pre-exposure prophylaxis, research risks and benefits, study participation, gender identity, guardian consent
Fisher, C. B., Fried, A. L., Puri, L. I., Macapagal, K. & Mustanski, B. (2018). Patient-provider communication barriers and facilitators to HIV and STI preventive services for adolescent MSM. Aids & Behavior, 22, 3417-3428. PMID: 29546468.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-2081-x. Keywords: adolescent men who have sex with men (AMSM), sexually transmitted infections, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, stigma, trust/mistrust, discrimination
Fisher, C. B., Oransky, M., Mahadevan, M., Singer, M., Mirhej, G., & Hodge, G. D. (2008). Marginalized populations and drug addiction research: Realism, mistrust, and misconception. IRB: Ethics & Human Research, 30(3), 1–9. PMID: 18814439; PMCID: 18814439. NIHMSID: NIHMS163917. Keywords: informed consent, therapeutic misconception, therapeutic misestimation, therapeutic optimism, vulnerable populations, relational ethics, research ethics, ethnic and sexual minorities
Fisher, C. B., Puri, L. I., Macapagal, K., Feuerstahler, L., Ahn, J. R., & Mustanski, B. (2021). Competence to consent to oral and injectable PrEP trials among adolescent males who have sex with males. AIDS & Behavior, 25, 1606-1618. PMID: 33247336  http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10461-020-03077-9  keywords: AMSM, sexual minority males, pre-exposure prophylaxis, informed consent, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment
Fisher, C.B., Puri, L. I.  Macapagal, K., & Mustanski, B. (2018) “Free Testing and PrEP without Outing Myself to Parents:” Motivation to Participate in Oral and Injectable PrEP Clinical Trials among Adolescent Men who have Sex with Men. PLoS ONE 13(7): e0200560.  PMID: 3004845 PMCID: PMC6059443. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0200560. Keywords: HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, AMSM, Truvada, institutional review board (IRB), guardian disclosure, privacy and confidentiality
Fisher, C. B., True, G., Alexander, L. & Fried, A. L. (2013).  Moral stress, moral practice and ethical climate in community -ased drug use research: views from the frontline. American Journal of Bioethics: Primary Research. 4(3), 27–38. PMID: 27795869. PMCID: PMC5082423. https://doi.org/10.1080/21507716.2013.806969 Keywords: research ethics, front-line researchers, participant protections, scientific integrity, human subjects protections, substance-related disorders, organizational culture
Fisher, C. B., & Yuko, E. (2015). The HIV and Drug Abuse Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute: Training early-career scientists to conduct research on research ethics. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 10, 470-480. https://doi.org/10.1177/1556264615614937 Keywords: HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, community-based research, drug abuse prevention research, RETI, people who use drugs (PWUD)
Fletcher, F. E., Fisher, C. B., Buchberg, M.K., Floyd, B., Hotton, A., Ejioba, A.,& Donenberg, G. R. (2018). “Where Did This [PrEP] Come From?” African American Mother/Daughter Attitudes Towards Adolescent Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Utilization and Clinical Trial Participation. Journal of Empirical Research on Research Ethics, 13(2), 173-184.  PMID: 29781706. https://doi.org/10.1177/1556264618755919. Keywords: African American women and female adolescents, sexual and gender minorities, informed parent-child research decision making, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, adolescent clinical trial participation

Fletcher, F. E., Rice, W. S., Ingram, L. A., & Fisher, C. B. (2019). Ethical Challenges and Lessons Learned from Qualitative Research with Low-Income African American Women Living with HIV in the South. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved, 30(4S), 116–129. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7509837/
Keywords: research ethics, health inequities, women living with HIV (WLWH), diverse research populations, stigma, racial/ethnic minorities
Fletcher, F., Annang, I., Kerr, J., Buchberg, M., Bogdan-Lovis, Philpott-Jones, S. "'She Told Them, Oh That Bitch Got AIDS': Experiences of multilevel HIV/AIDS-Related Stigma Among African American Women Living with HIV/AIDS in the South. (2016). AIDS Patient Care and STD's, 30(7). https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2016.0026 Keywords: HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, stigma, Social Ecological Model, women living with HIV (WLWH), US South
Fonner, V. A., Ntogwisangu, J., Hamidu, I., Joseph, J., Fields, J., Evans, E., Kilewo, J., Bailey, C., Goldsamt, L., Fisher, C. B., O'Reilly, K. R., Ruta, T., Mbwambo, J., & Sweat, M. D. (2021). "We are in this together:" dyadic-level influence and decision-making among HIV serodiscordant couples in Tanzania receiving access to PrEP. BMC public health, 21(1), 720. https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12889-021-10707-x.pdf. Keywords: HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), dyad, recruitment, informed consent, intervention implementation, sub-Saharan Africa
 
Garett, R., Menacho, L., & Young, S.D. (2017). Ethical Issues in Using Social Media to Deliver an HIV Prevention Intervention: Results from the HOPE Peru Study.Prevention Science: Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research, 18(2): 225-232. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5726406/. Keywords: men who have sex with men (MSM), HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, research ethics, research risks and benefits, privacy and confidentiality, informed consent, Harnessing Online Peer Education (HOPE)
 
Goldenberg, S. M., Brouwer, K. C., Jimenez, T. R., Miranda, S. M., & Mindt, M. R. (2016). Enhancing the Ethical Conduct of HIV Research with Migrant Sex Workers: Human Rights, Policy, and Social Contextual Influences. PLoS One, 11(5). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4861265/. Keywords: research ethics, racial/ethnic minorities, trust/mistrust, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, vulnerable populations
 
Goldenberg, S.M., Mindt, M.R., Jimenez, T.R., Brouwer, K.C., Miranda, S.M., & Fisher, C.B. (2014). Structural and interpersonal benefits and risks of participation in HIV research: perspectives of female sex workers in Guatemala. Ethics & Behavior, 25(2): 97-114 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5104274/.
Keywords: research ethics, research risks and benefits, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, stigma, trust/mistrust, Central America
 
Goldenberg, S. M., Rocha Jiménez, T., Brouwer, K. C., Morales Miranda, S., & Silverman, J. G. (2018). Influence of indoor work environments on health, safety, and human rights among migrant sex workers at the Guatemala-Mexico Border: a call for occupational health and safety interventions. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 18(1), 9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5797417/. Keywords: HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, vulnerable populations, racial/ethnic minorities, agency, violence and exploitation, substance use
Gray, A., Macapagal, K., Mustanski, B., & Fisher, C. B. (2019). Surveillance Studies Involving HIV Testing Are Needed: Will At-Risk Youth Participate? Health Psychology, PMID: 31512922 PMCID: PMC6901740 https://doi: 10.1037/hea0000804. Keywords: HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, LGBTQ youth, health disparities, adolescent males who have sex with males (AMSM), racial/ethnic minorities, sexual minority youth
 
Guadamuz, T. E., Goldsamt, L. A., & Boonmongkon, P. (2015). Consent Challenges for Participation of Young Men Who Have Sex With Men (YMSM) in HIV Prevention Research in Thailand. Ethics & Behavior, 25(2), 180–195. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4349333/. Keywords: HIV prevention and treatment, vulnerable populations, LGBTQ, institutional review boards (IRB), guardian consent, youth and young adults
 
Gunn, A., Hardesty, M., Overstreet, N., & Wallace, S. (2021). “Every time I tell my story I learn something new”: Voice and inclusion in research with Black women with histories of substance use and incarceration. Criminology and Criminal Justice. https://doi.org/10.1177/17488958211005820 Keywords: research ethics, racial/ethnic minorities, anti-oppressive research, substance use, stigma, trauma
 
Hubach, R. D., O'Neil, A., Stowe, M., Giano, Z., Curtis, B., & Fisher, C. B. (2020). "Out here the rainbow has mud on it": Perceived Confidentiality Risks of Mobile Technology-Based Ecologic Momentary Assessment to Assess High-Risk Behaviors Among Rural Men Who Have Sex with Men. Archives of sexual behavior. Advance online publication. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10508-019-01612-x. Keywords: privacy, MSM, mHealth, EMA, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment
 
John, S. A., Robles, G., Starks, T. J., & Rendina, H. J.(2019). Differences Between Groups of Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Using Couples in HIV-Negative/Unknown Relationships. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999), 81(4), 419–428. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6594889/. Keywords: men who have sex with men (MSM), HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), LGBTQ
 
Kostick, K. M., Weeks, M., & Mosher, H. (2014). Participant and Staff Experiences in a Peer-Delivered HIV Intervention with Injection Drug Users.” Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 9(1), 6-18. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4318632/. Keywords: research ethics, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, IDU, people who inject drugs (PWID), peer-delivered prevention
 
Madhivanan, P., Krupp, K., Kulkarni, V., Kulkarni, S., Vaidya, N., Shaheen, R., Philpott, S. & Fisher, C.B. (2014). HIV testing among Pregnant Women Living with HIV in India: Are Private Providers Routinely Violating Women’s Human Rights? BMC International Health and Human Rights, 14(1), 7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3975140/. Keywords: HIV/AIDS, antenatal care, privacy and confidentiality, perinatal transmission, women living with HIV (WLWH), prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), vulnerable populations

Matson, M. Macapagal, K ,Kraus, A. Coventry, R. & Bettin, E. & Fisher, C.B. & Mustanski,B. (2019). Sexual and Gender Minority Youth’s Perspectives on Sharing De-identified Data in Sexual Health and HIV Prevention Research. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 16, 1 – 11. ISSN: 1868-9884 PMID: 31890053 PMCID: PMC6936765. https://doi: 10.1007/s13178-018-0372-7 Keywords: adolescents, participant perspectives, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, research ethics, gender identity, LGBTQ youth

 
Meunier, É., Sundelson, A. E., Tellone, S., Alohan, D., Fisher, C. B., & Grov, C. (2021). Willingness to Attend Sex Venues in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic in New York City: Results from an Online Survey with Sexual and Gender Minority Individuals. Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 1–12. Advance online publication. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8095220/. Keywords: collective sex venues (CSV), HIV/STI
 
Mulawa, M.I., Yamanis, T.J., Kajula, L.J. et al. (2018). Structural Network Position and Performance of Health Leaders Within an HIV Prevention Trial. AIDS and Behavior. 22(9):3033-3043. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6076845/. Keywords: HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, Tanzania, social networks, popular opinion leader (POL)
Mustanski, B., Coventry, R., Macapagal, K., Arbeit, M., & Fisher, C. B. (2017). Sexual and Gender minority Adolescents’ views on HIV research participation and parental permission: A mixed methods study. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 49, 111-121. PMC5768203.  https://doi.org/10.1363/psrh.12027 Keywords: HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, research risks and benefits, participants’ perspectives, institutional review board (IRB)
Mustanski, B., Fisher, C. B. (2016). HIV rates are increasing in gay/bisexual teens: IRB barriers to research must be resolved to bend the curve. American Journal of Preventive Medicine,  PMID: 27061893. PMCID: PMC4958583. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2016.02.026. Keywords: LGBTQ youth, institutional review board, research ethics, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, ethics committees, sexual and gender minorities
Mustanski, B., Macapagal, K., Thomann, M., Feinstein, B. A., Newcomb, M. E., Motley, D.  & Fisher, C. B. (2018). Parents' Perspectives about Adolescent Boys' Involvement in Biomedical HIV Prevention Research. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 46, 1 – 13. PubMed: 28875351.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-017-1035-0. Keywords: HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), sexual and gender minorities, youth, research ethics, adolescent men who have sex with men (AMSM)
 
Nelson, K. M., Carey, M. P., & Fisher, C. B. (2019). Is Guardian Permission a Barrier to Online Sexual Health Research Among Adolescent Males Interested in Sex With Males?. Journal of sex research, 56(4-5), 593–603. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310663/. Keywords: men who have sex with men (MSM), institutional review boards (IRB), research ethics, vulnerable populations, privacy and confidentiality
Oransky, M., Fisher, C. B., Mahadevan, M., & Singer, M. (2009). Barriers and opportunities for recruitment for nonintervention studies on HIV risk: Perspectives of street drug users. Substance Use & Misuse, 44, 1642–1659. PMID: 19938935; PMCID: PMC3638737. NIHMSID: NIHMS458113. https://doi.org/10.1080/10826080802543671 Keywords: people who use drugs (PWUD), HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, incentives, compensation, stigma, trust/mistrust, recruitment
 
Overstreet, N. M., Okuyan, M., & Fisher, C. B. (2018). “Perceived Risks and Benefits in IPV and HIV Research: Listening to the Voices of HIV-Positive African American Women.” Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 13(5):511-524. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6231959/. Keywords: intimate partner violence, HIV/AIDS, research ethics, African American Women, vulnerable populations, stigma
 
Pasipanodya, E. C., Kohli, M., Fisher, C. B., Moore, D. J., & Curtis, B. (2020). Perceived risks and amelioration of harm in research using mobile technology to support antiretroviral therapy adherence in the context of methamphetamine use: a focus group study among minorities living with HIV. Harm reduction journal, 17(1), 41. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7288402/ Keywords: harm reduction, HIV/AIDS, mHealth, antiretroviral therapy (ART), men who have sex with men (MSM), research ethics, vulnerable populations
 
Pearson, C. R., Parker, M., Fisher, C. B., & Moreno, C. (2014). Capacity Building from the Inside Out: Development and Evaluation of a CITI Ethics Certification Training Module for American Indian and Alaska Native Community Researchers. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 9(1), 46-57. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4004423/. Keywords: American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN), community engaged research (CEnR), culturally responsive human subjects training, racial/ethnic minorities, research ethics education
 
Philpin, M.M., Guta, A., Wurtz, H., Kinnard, E.N., Bradley-Perrin, I., & Goldsamt, L. (2021). How Black and Latino young men who have sex with men in the United States experience and engage with eligibility criteria and recruitment practices: implications for the sustainability of community-based research. Critical Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/09581596.2021.1918329. Keywords: MSM, racial/ethnic minorities, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, vulnerable populations, youth and young adults
 
Reed, E., Fisher, C. B. Blankenship, K. & Brook, S. W Khoshnood, K. (2016). Why Female Sex Workers Participate in HIV Research: The Illusion of Voluntariness. AIDS Care, 1-5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5453832/. Keywords: research ethics, informed consent, coercion, vulnerable populations, incentives and motivation
 
Reed, E., Khoshnood, K., Blankenship, K. M., & Fisher, C. B. (2014). Confidentiality, Privacy, and Respect: Experiences of Female Sex Workers Participating in HIV Research in Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 9(1), 19-28. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4111636/. Keywords: vulnerable population, research ethics, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, trust/mistrust
 
Rendina, H. J. & Mustanski, B. (2018). Privacy, trust, and data sharing in web-based and mobile research: Participant perspectives in a large nationwide sample of men who have sex with men in the United States. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 20(7), e233 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6053617/
Keywords: confidentiality, trust/mistrust, MSM, LGBTQ, social networking, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment
 
Rendina, H.J., & Parsons, J.T. (2018). Factors associated with perceived accuracy of the Undetectable = Untransmittable slogan among men who have sex with men: Implications for messaging scale-up and implementation. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 21(1). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5810313/. Keywords: MSM, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, treatment as prevention (TasP), LGBTQ, stigma
 
Rocha-Jimézes, T., Brouwer, K.C., Silverman, J.G., Morales-Miranda, S., & Goldenberg, S.M. (2016). Migration, violence, and safety among migrant sex workers: a qualitative study in two Guatemalan communities. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 18(9): 965-79. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5054718/. Keywords: Guatemala, vulnerable populations, insecurity and abuse, human rights, racial/ethnic minorities
 
Rocha-Jimézes, T., Brouwer, K.C., Silverman, J.G., Morales-Miranda, S., & Goldenberg, S.M. (2017). Exploring the Context and Implementation of Public Health Regulations Governing Sex Work: A Qualitative Study with Migrant Sex Workers in Guatemala. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 19(5): 1235-1244. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7176102/. Keywords: vulnerable populations, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), racial/ethnic minorities
 
Roth, A.M., Felsher, M., Reed, M., Goldshear, J.L., Truong, Q., Garfein, R.S., & Simmons, J. (2017). Potential benefits of using ecological momentary assessment to study high-risk polydrug use. mHealth, 3:46. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5682359/. Keywords: addiction and substance abuse, people who inject drugs (PWID), EMA, self-reflection, catharsis, altruism, social support
 
Roth, A.M., Rossi, J., Goldshear, J.L., Truong, Q., Armenta, R.F., Lankenau, S.E., Garfein, R.S., & Simmons, J. (2017). Potential Risks of Ecological Momentary Assessment Among Persons Who Inject Drugs. Substance Use & Misuse, 52(7): 840-847. https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2016.1264969. Keywords: mHealth, people who inject drugs (PWID), addiction and substance abuse, EMA, risk, data collection and security
 
Rudolph AE, Bazzi AR, Fish S. (2016). Ethical considerations and potential threats to validity for three methods commonly used to collect geographic information in studies among people who use drugs. Addictive Behaviors, 61: 84-90. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4922643/. Keywords: research ethics, privacy and confidentiality, people who inject drugs (PWID), addiction and substance abuse
 
Rudolph, A.E., Young, A.M., & Havens, J.R. (2017). A rural/urban comparison of privacy and confidentiality concerns associated with providing sensitive location information in epidemiologic research involving persons who use drugs. Addictive Behavior, 74: 116-111. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5544525/.
Keywords: PWUD, people who inject drugs (PWID), addiction and substance abuse, risk environment, research ethics
 
Rudolph, A. E., Young, A. M., & Havens, J. R. (2020). Privacy, Confidentiality, and Safety Considerations for Conducting Geographic Momentary Assessment Studies Among Persons Who Use Drugs and Men Who Have Sex with Men. Journal of urban health: bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 97(2), 306–316. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7101455/. Keywords: research ethics, PWUD, people who inject drugs (PWID), MSM, GMA, addiction and substance abuse
 
Sauceda, J. A., Dubé, K., Brown, B., Pérez, A. E., Rivas, C. E., Evans, D., & Fisher, C. B. (2021). Framing a Consent Form to Improve Consent Understanding and Determine How This Affects Willingness to Participate in HIV Cure Research: An Experimental Survey Study. Journal of empirical research on human research ethics : JERHRE, 16(1-2), 78–87. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8035136/. Keywords: HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, informed consent, fuzzy-trace theory, recruitment, research ethics, decision-making
Singer, M., Mirhej, G., & Hodge, G. H., Saleheen, H., Fisher, C. B., & Mahadevan, M. (2008). Ethical issues in research with Hispanic drug users: Participant perspectives on risks and benefits. Journal of Drug Issues, 38, 351–372. https://doi.org/10.1177/002204260803800115 Keywords: research ethics, ethnic minority, people who use drugs (PWUD), vulnerable populations, stigma
 
Smartlowit-Briggs, L., Pearson, C., Whitefoot, P., Altamirano, B.N., Womack, M., Bastin, M., & Dombrowski, J.C. (2016). Community-Based Assessment to Inform a Chlamydia Screening Program for Women in a Rural American Indian Community. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 43(6): 390-395. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5446671/. Keywords: racial/ethnic minorities, American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN), Indian Health Service, sexually transmitted disease (STD), research ethics
 
Tamir, H., Krupp, K., Stephens, D.P., Zohourian, T., Dorcius, P.M., Arun, A., Fisher, C.B., & Madhivanan, P. (2018). Addressing Prevention Among HIV-Uninfected Women in PMTCT Programs in South India. The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 29(1): 45-52.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5742296/.  Keywords: health care, HIV prevention, India, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, women
Thokoane, C. (2014). Ethical challenges for piloting sexual health programs for youth in Hammanskraal, South Africa: Bridging the gap between rights and services. Ethics & Behavior, 25(2): 169-179. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5823534/. Keywords: ethics, youth, sexual health, HIV/AIDS, research, rights, services, South Africa
True, G., Alexander, L., & Fisher, C. B. (2017) Supporting the role of community members employed as research staff: Perspectives of community researchers working in addiction research. Social Science & Medicine, 187, 67-75. PMID: 2865482, PMCID: PMC5554448, NIHMSID: NIHMS888020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.06.023. Keywords: community-engaged research (CEnR), research ethics, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, addiction and substance abuse, emotional burnout, confidentiality, trust/mistrust
Underhill K. (2014). Legal and ethical values in the resolution of research-related disputes: how can IRBS respond to participant complaints? Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 9(1), 71–82. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4041031/. Keywords: dispute resolution, participant complaint, institutional review board, research-related injury
Underhill, K. (2019). Righting Research Wrongs: An Empirical Study of How U.S. Institutions Resolve Grievances Involving Human Subjects, 18. Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, & Ethics. https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=972064069115120123086115118005001007052078071079001010121095010004105121069126071086114022115039108097048077026001086096029115009041064065027094101124094118091084111039023095071105110012067123069079097113108101127100072092110028029077074098106094117021&EXT=pdf&INDEX=TRUE. Keywords: research ethics, human research subjects
Underhill, K. (2013). Study designs for identifying risk compensation behavior among users of biomedical HIV prevention technologies: Balancing methodological rigor and research ethics. Soc Sci Med, 94, 115–123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.03.020 Keywords: risk homeostasis, behavioral disinhibition, condom migration, placebo-controlled trial, study design, HIV prevention, research ethics
Underhill, K., Calabrese, S.K. (2015). How Stigma Surrounding the Use of HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis Undermines Prevention and Pleasure: A Call to Destigmatize "Truvada Whores." American Journal of public Health, 105(10): 1960–1964. Keywords: antiretroviral preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, stigma, stereotypes
Urada, L. A., & Simmons, J. (2014). A Collaborative Methodology for Investigating the Ethical Conduct of Research on Female Sex Workers in the Philippines. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 9(1), 41-45. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4065172/
 
Urada, L. A., & Simmons, J. (2014). Social and Structural Constraints on Disclosure and Informed Consent for HIV Survey Research Involving Female Sex Workers and Their Bar Managers in the Philippines. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 9(1), 29-40. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4217476/. Keywords: female sex workers, research ethis, disclosure, consent, social, structural, interventions, HIV, substance use
Urada, L.A., Halterman, S., Raj, A., Tsuyuki, K., Pimentel-Sumbulan, K., and & Silverman, J.G. (2016). Socio-structural and behavioral risk factors associated with trafficked history of female bar/spa entertainers in the sex trade in the Philippines. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics: the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 132(1): 55-9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4715926/. Keywords: HIV/AIDS, sex work, socio-structural factors, sexually transmitted infections, trafficking
Urada, L.A., Simmons, J. Wong, B., Tsuyuki, K., Condino-Enrera, G. A human rights-focused HIV intervention for sex workers in Metro Manila, Philippines: evaluation of effects in a quantitative pilot study. International Journal of Public Health, 1-13, 2016. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5226624/. Keywords: Sex work, HIV/AIDS, human rights, community mobilization, violence, empowerment, transactional sex, men who have sex with men (MSM), female sex workers, trafficking
Weeks, M. R., Kostick, K., Li, J., Dunn, J., McLaughlin, P., Richmond, P., Choudhury, S., Obidoa, C., Mosher, H., & Martinez, M. (2015). Translation of the Risk Avoidance Partnership (RAP) for Implementation in Outpatient Drug Treatment Clinics. Journal of psychoactive drugs, 47(3), 239–247. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4698960/. Keywords: peer intervention, intervention translation, implementation, drug treatment clinics, HIV
Young, A.M., Rudolph, A.E. & Havens, J.R. (2018). Network-Based Research on Rural Opioid Use: an Overview of Methods and Lessons Learned. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep, 15(2):113-119. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5884725/. Keywords: social networks, rural, substance use, HIV, hepatitis C, Appalachia, opioid